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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   1976| April-June  | Volume 10 | Issue 1  
    Online since March 27, 2010

 
 
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Bacteriological Study In Osteo-Articular Tuberculosis
V. P Lakhanpal, Hardas Singh, P. C Sen, S. M Tuli
April-June 1976, 10(1):13-17
Osteo-articular tuberculosis is a major problem to be tackled in any of the orthopaedic centres in India. Seven and a half percent of the total cases attending Orthopaedic Department of the institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu university, Varanasi (India), were those of tuberculosis of bones and joints (Tuli et al. 1967). To ensure effective treatment of ostco-articular tuberculosis it is imperative to make accurate diagnosis which can not always be made on clinical and radiological findings only. Histopathological examination may also be inconclusive because of changing pattern of histological picture of tuberculous tissue under the effect of modern antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents (Lakhanpal et al. 1974, Wilkinson and Notley 1953). The exact nature of infection can be diagnosed with certainty only if the causative organism is recovered from the lesion. One of the important causes of failure of anti-tubercular drug therapy is the presence of or development of drug resistant mycobacteria. Under such circumstances it was considered worth while to submit the infected material for culture and sensitivity studies for acid fast bacilli.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]
  1 372 32
Tumoural Calcinosis
S. T Sundararaj, S Subramoniam
April-June 1976, 10(1):37-42
Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]
  1 221 14
Neurilemomas Of Lateral Peroneal Nerve
P Rangachari, C. R. R. M Reddy
April-June 1976, 10(1):43-46
Neurilemoma is a true neoplasm of the Schwann cells of the nerve sheath and so neuroectodermal in origin (Waggener 1966). These are seen more often in the cranial and spinal nerves (Dinakar and Rao 1971). They are also seen in the subcutaneous tissues but commonly the demonstration of the associated nerve is not possible (Rakshit et al. 1973). Neurilemomas are mostly solitary (Abell et al. 1970, Harkin and Reed 1969), but they could rarely be multiple also (Dinakar and Rao 1971, Heard 1962). The tumours uncommonly could be associated with large peripheral nerves (Dinakar and Rao 1971, Harkin and Reed 1969). The following is a report of 2 cases of neurilemomas of lateral peroneal nerve with signs and symptoms. As the demonstration of these tumours in association with nerves is uncommon the cases are reported.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 324 17
Cleido-Cranial Dysostosis
Virinder Mohan, O. P Sharma, Kush Kumar, T. P Srivastava, S. K Gupta
April-June 1976, 10(1):47-53
Classical features of cleido-cranial dysostosis are absence of all or part of one or both clavicles, brachy-cephaly and delay in the closure of fontanelles and sutures. However from the report of Jarvis and Keats (1974) who have published largest single series of 40 affected individuals of 8 unrelated families it is obvious that the syndrome virtually involves the entire skeleton. Broad spectrum of osseous abnormalities in cleido-cranial dysostosis are also reported by other workers (Gupta et al. 1968, Hooda et al. 1974 and Keats 1967). We are reporting a case of cleido-cranial dysostosis because of uncommon features like foramen magnum abnormalities, sclerosis and thickening of squamous portion of temporal bone, abnormalities of lumber spine and coax vara deformity.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 394 16
Primary Intramuscular Hydatidosis Of the Sacro-Spinalis
N De Mazumder, Amalendu Chakravorty, Biswajit Sen
April-June 1976, 10(1):54-56
The common sites of hydatid cysts are the liver and the lungs. Other sites of involvement are also reported by various authors. The incidence of primary hydatid cyst of muscle is approximately 4 percent of all patients with hydatidosis. Bidloo in 1699 first reported intramuscular hydatidosis (Rask and Lattig 1970). Lorenzetti (1962) reported 35 cases of intramuscular hydatid cysts out of 1212 cases (3.18 percent) of hydatid disease.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 354 15
Hydatid Disease Of Hip Joint
V. M Soodan
April-June 1976, 10(1):57-59
Skeletal involvement in hydatid disease is rare. Incidence reported from various series from Australia and America vary between 1 to 2.4 percent (Dew 1928, Howard 1945, Katz and pan 1958). Involvement of hip joint is extremely rare. Cases have been reported by Rajagopal 1967, Mehta and Kochar 1973. Another case of hydatid disease of hip treated by supersaturated saline is being reported.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 302 9
Book Review
S. M Tuli
April-June 1976, 10(1):60-60
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 169 15
Surgical Management Of Pressure Sores
J. K Sinha, F. M Tripathi, N. N Khanna, V Venkateswarlu
April-June 1976, 10(1):7-12
Pressure sores may be defined as an area of ulceration and necrosis of the skin occurring in any part of the body but usually over an underlying bony prominence which is subjected to prolonged or often repeated pressure. Prolonged pressure causes anoxia of the soft tissues and thrombosis of the small blood vessels within them. Necrosis then becomes inevitable, and when the necrotic tissue sloughs or is debrided away, an ulcer is left. Secondary infection causes acceleration and progression of the process. Bailey (1965) described pressure sores as a complication of increased life span under adverse conditions. Several authors (Guttman 1955, Hynes 1956, Olivari et al. 1972) have pointed out other contributing factors which are friction, contusion, uncontrolled spasticity, malnutrition and contamination of affected areas by urine and faeces. Pressure sores range in severity from the incipient bed sore, in which there is simple erythema of the skin, through all stages of destruction of tissues including skin, fat, muscle and bone. Present study deals with 14 cases of pressure sores, due to various causes, who were referred to plastic surgery service of Sir Sunderlal Hospital, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi from September 1973 to September 1975.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 432 29
Peroneus Longus Translocation In The Treatment Of Paralytic Calcaneo-Valgus Foot
L. V Raghava Rao, P Rangachari, C Vyaghreswarudu
April-June 1976, 10(1):18-21
Calcanco-valgus deformity is one of the common deformities in post-polio paralysis. In the growing child, the deformity commonly increases and is not often prevented by orthopaedic appliances. The progression of this dynamic deformity may be arrested by muscle balancing operations like tendon-transfers. Von Baeyer (1931) described an operation in which he re-routed the peroneus longus tendon without interfering with its origin or insertion, this procedure he named as translocation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of this procedure.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 433 20
Tibial Torsion-A Method Of Measuring And Its Significance In Congenital Talipes Equinovarus
P Tejeswar Rao
April-June 1976, 10(1):22-26
Tibial torsion is defined as twisting of the tibia on its longitudinal axis which disturbs the normal alignment between its planes of the proximal and distal articulations. ‘Internal torsion’ means rotation in the direction of medial malleolus, and ‘external torsion’ means rotation in the direction of lateral malleolus. These are also known as ‘negative’ and ‘positive’ torsions respectively. Torsion of tibia has been incriminated in congenital talipes by various workers from time to time (sell 1941, Wynne-Davis 1964). Hautter and Scott (1949) however described that range of tibial torsion varied between +5c to +40c consistent with normal appearance and function. Tibial rotation must be distinguished from ‘apparent torsion’ when there is rotation of the whole limb. Stewart (1951) described pseudo tibial torsion due to laxity of the ligaments of knee. Different methods have been employed by various workers to assess the degree of tibial torsion. Wynne-Davis does not mention how she measured the torsion. As none of the methods appear fool proof it was considered worthwhile to evolve a simple method and to evaluate its significance.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 780 19
Air Tank Pneumatic Tourniquet
Brij Bhushan Joshi
April-June 1976, 10(1):27-29
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 210 10
Performance Evaluation In Lower Extremity Amputee Prosthesis System
K. S Bose, S Ganguli
April-June 1976, 10(1):30-32
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 205 15
Aminoaciduria In Rickets And Osteomalacia And The Response To Vitamin 'D'
A. K Sharma, R. K Shukla, A. K Gupta, B. K Sur
April-June 1976, 10(1):33-36
Increased aminoaciduria in rachitic children was first reported by Jonxis, Smith and Huisman, in 1952. They also observed that this increased aminoaciduria continued even after treatment. Other workers could not confirm all the findings of Jonxis et al. Preliminary studies carried out here showed varied findings about the pattern of aminoaciduria. The present study was undertaken to study the subject further by using improved techniques of desalting of urine and chromatography.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 443 28
Surgical Decompression For Leprous Neuritis
J. C Taraporvala
April-June 1976, 10(1):1-6
According to the latest survey, there are 15 million sufferers from leprosy in the world, of whom a quarter (about 31 million) happen to live in India. The involvement of peripheral nerves is a fairly common manifestation of the disease, about 60 percent have varying degree of motor or sensory deficit in the peripheral nerves. The ulnar, median, lateral poplitcal, greater auricular, and facial nerves are usually affected, the ulnar being the most frequently involved. The popular five point classification and grouping of leprosy, after Ridley and Jopling (1966), is based on the degree of resistance of the body tissues to the invading lepra bacilli. This determines whether an early indeterminate case is going to progress to a lepromatous leprosy, a tuberculoid leprosy, or become a borderline form of the disease. Leprous neuritis is observed far more commonly in the tuberculoid and borderline than in the lepromatous form of the disease.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 349 13
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