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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   1975| October-December  | Volume 9 | Issue 2  
    Online since March 27, 2010

 
 
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Melorheostosis
U. S Mishra, G. R Agarwal
October-December 1975, 9(2):144-149
DOI:10.4103/0019-5413.61941  
Meloheostosis is rare sclerosing bone disease of unknown aetiology. It was first identified as a distinct clinical entiry by Leri and Joanny in 1922. A survey of the World literature reveals that in the last 52 years 169 cases of melorcheostosis are on record (Abrahmson 1968, Campbell et al. 1969 Gupta et al. 1969, Ewald 1972, and Udawat et al. 1974) and of these only 4 case have been reported from India (Wahi et al. 1963, Sen et al. 1966, Gupta et al. 1969 and Udawat et al. 1974). This interesting case of melorhzostosis with habitual dislocation of the patella is being reported here for its rarity.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]
  9 516 25
Management Of Unreduced Traumatic Dislocations Of The Hip
B. P Varma
October-December 1975, 9(2):69-80
It is not uncommon to come across a neglected traumatic dislocation of the hip in this Part of the world. The management of these cases is difficult because of adhesions and soft tissue contracture, presence of myositis ossificans, and filling up of the acetabular cavity with fibro-fatty tissue. Watson-Jones (1956) recounted the difficulties of open reduction which lead to degenerative arthritis, and recommended operative reduction and fusion of the joint. Open reposition of old dislocation of the hip has generally been disfavoured due to its associated haemorrhage and shock (Armstrong 1948, Gupta and chaturvedi 1963) and the resultant painful and stiff joint (Roaf 1956, Gupta and chaturvedi 1963. Aggarwal and Singh 1967). Roaf (1956) concluded that a simple osteotomy to correct the deformity was usually the wisest course of action. Various other workers (Hamada 1957, Gupta and chaturvedi 1963, Aggarwal and Singh 1967) have also reported satisfactory results with trochanteric osteotomy in both posterior as well as anterior disalocation, which corrected the deformity and gave stable, serviceable hip though a mild limp and limitation of movements persisted. It is the purpose of this communication to record my observations in series of 29 old unreduced dislocations of the hip seen during the period of August 1969 to March 1974.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]
  4 912 82
A Study Of The Serum Lactic Dehydrogenase Levels In Cases Of Malignant Bone Tumours
R. S Sandhu, G Singh, T Singh
October-December 1975, 9(2):81-84
In a number of diseases, there occurs a change in the enzymatic activity of the serum. During the past two decades, several serum enzymes corresponding to metabolically involved enzymes in tissue, have been studied as a reflection of neoplastic diseases. Bodansky (1955, 1956,1959), Wroblewski et al. (1955,1956), West et al. (1966), Rose et al. (1961) and many other workers have contributed in the field of serum enzymology. Bradus et al. (1963) reviewed the status of serum enzymes in diagnosis and management of cancer. Rose et al. (1961) found correlation of serum enzymic activity with clinical status of patients with carcinoma breast. Elevated levels of serum lactic dehydrogenase were found in patients suffering from bronchogenic carcinoma, carcinoma of gastrointestinal tract and of prostate, leukemias and cirrhosis (Zimmerman and Schwartz, 1965). They found no apparent relationship between the rate of growth of tumours or the extensiveness of the metastasis and the serum level of lactic dehydrogenase. A variety of murine neoplasms containing a filterable agent capable of inducing a5-10 fold increase in plasma lactic dehydrogenase activity within 48 hours of inoculation into normal mice, was reported by Mundy and Williams (1961). However the utility of estimation of serum enzymes in malignancy is far from established. The value of enzymology in bone tumours, needs definition and staging of the disease biochemically. The aim of the this study is to find out the serum level of the enzyme lactic dehydrogenase has also been carried out in 30 healthy individuals to establish the normal in our population and check up the method of standardization.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 399 15
Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
R. K Singhal, A. J Selvapandian, M. V Daniel
October-December 1975, 9(2):85-94
Aneurysmal bone cyst in a rare benign lesion of bone for which Jaffe and Lichenstein in 1942 got the credit of recognizing it as a distinct clinico-pathological entity. In past this condition had been described under various headings, such as “Aneurysmal giant cell tumour” (Ewing 1940). “Atypical giant cell tumour” (Coley 1949), “Subperiostel giant cell tumour” (Thompson 1954). It is the aim of this paper to record our observation on to case of aneutysmal bone cyst treated in Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore during the period 1959 –1970. Two out of or cases were treated in the Department of Neurology. Though it is difficult to say about the incidence of this lesion yet the fact that in the past 11 years there were only or cases on record, shows that aneurismal bone cysts are rare osseous lesions.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 375 25
Chronic Osteomyelitis
R. D Char, N. S Brara, K. D Khare, B. L Katyal
October-December 1975, 9(2):95-100
Chronic Osteomyelitis still remains a major challenging problem in our country. In majority of cases, especially among children, it is due to delay, neglect or inadequate treatment of acute haematogenous osteomyelitis and compound fractures. When infection becomes chronic its eradication become a prolonged and tedious affair, causing frustration to the patients as well as the surgeon. This paper deals with the patterns of chronic osteomyelitis as they have presented to us and our experience in their management.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 459 101
Editorial And Annotations
P. K Duraiswami
October-December 1975, 9(2):59-62
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 168 14
One Bone Forearm
N. D Aggarwal, R. L Mittal
October-December 1975, 9(2):63-68
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 217 29
Haematogenous Osteomyelitis
T. P Srivastava, P. C Sen, V. K Khanna
October-December 1975, 9(2):101-107
The pattern and behavior of organisms causing ostcomyelitis are constantly changing under the selective pressure of newer antibiotics. As a result the wonder drugs of the fifties have been relegated to a position of limited usefulness today. This phenomenon calls for a reappraisal of the spectrum of the organisms causing ostcomelitis and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. While the number of newer antibiotics is rapidly increasing not all of them are easily available in India. With this background it was felt worthwhile to study the spectrum of organisms causing osteomyelitis and their susceptibility to those antibiotics which are readily available everywhere in this country. One hundred consecutive cases of haematogenous osteomyelitis attending the Department of Orthopaedics, S.S. Hospital, Banaras Hindu University were taken for this study without any selection. The antibiotic used for the sensitivity Penicillin, Streptomycin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Ampicillin and Chloramphenicol.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 418 47
Management Of Pathological Fractures Secondary To Osteomyelitis
N. D Aggarwal, L. D Garg
October-December 1975, 9(2):108-112
When cases of osteomyclitis are neglected in the initial stages, these may get complicated with pathological fracture. Pathological fracture occurred due to inadequate immobilization during acute phase when involucrum formation was inadequate or was due to ill advised manipulation. Such fractures are not uncommon in our country.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 583 43
Subluxation Of The Hip In Poliomyelitis
P Dutta, S. K Varma, C. K Budhiraja, J. B Joshi
October-December 1975, 9(2):113-118
Subluxation at the hip following poliomyelitis though not an uncommon phenomenon has not been well documented in the literature. Most of the writers reporting on small number of cases have claimed the unbalanced flexion-adductor pull as the causative factor for paralytic subluxation (Fair-Bank 1920, Waston-Jones 1926, Hart 1928, Singer and Rose-Innes 1963, Mercer and Duthie 1964, Sharrad 1967, 1971). Jones (1954) and Parkins (1961) on the other hand believed that, primary factor in development of patalytic dislocation is the presence of coax valga and not the muscle pull. In our study we have attempted to relate the incidence of subluxation with the residual strength of muscles acting around the hip joint and with the mode of management of patients in the Carly convalescent phase of the disease. The role of coax valga if any, in the production of subluxation of hip has also been analysed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 388 13
A Simple Splint For The Treatment Of Genu Recurvatum
K. C Sachdev, A. L Gupta
October-December 1975, 9(2):119-122
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 681 27
A Combined Jig And Compression Device For Wainwright Hammond Blade-Plate
A. K Varshneya
October-December 1975, 9(2):123-126
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 216 20
A New Operative Approach To Mcmurray Osteotomy
P. R Chari, H. R Chowdary, A. S Rao, C. D Rao
October-December 1975, 9(2):127-131
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 202 27
Clinicopathological Studies In Osteoarthritis Of The Knee Joints
V. L Kochhar, B Mukhopadhyaya
October-December 1975, 9(2):132-136
Among the first of disease entities of which there are any historical records is the syndrome of arthritis. The terms hypertrophic arthritis and degenerative arthritis are considered analogous to the term osteoarthritis. There are various views regarding the aetiology of this condition. Key (1933) observed in a series of human cadveric knee joints that the lesions were usually on the weight bearing areas of the knee, and in majority the age was above 50. Harrison et al. (1953) observed that the earliest lesion of degenerative arthritis in man was found in the non-weight bearing areas of the joint, which were not subjected to the pumping action that occurred in the weight bearing areas. Bennet and Baur (1931) supported this view and stated that the nourishment and maintenance of normal cartilage was dependent upon adequate lubrication by the synovial fluid which in turn was best maintained by normal articular apposition and function: absence of which would lead to accelerated articular cartilage degeneration.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 356 44
Neurilemoma Of The Upper End Of Femur-A Case Report
P. R Chari, B Kailas Rao, G Venkatarathnam, C. R. R. M Reddy
October-December 1975, 9(2):137-140
Neurilemoma of bone is defined by spjut et al. (1971) as a “rare, benign neoplasm arising from the nerve sheath and appearing within the substance of the bone”. Neurilemomas of the bone can be differentiated from neurofibromas by their encapsulation and characteristic histology. Spjut et al. (1971) mentioned that there are less than 40 cases recorded in the literature. Nerve sheath tumour reports (Heard 1962, Rakshit et al.1973, White 1967) of large series of cases do not mention intraosseous neurilemomas. Since we had the opportunity of seeing and treating a patient having a neurilemoma of upper end of the femur presenting with some of the typical features, we are recording the same
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 373 9
Tenosynovial Chondromatosis Of The Wrist
R. L Mittal
October-December 1975, 9(2):141-143
Chondromatosis of synovial tissue of tendons is an extremely rare condition. It is the same process, which is already known to affect the joints. Affection of the tendon sheath is so rare, that hardly 30 cases have so far been reported as quoted by Morton and Lee (1972). One such case is being reported here because of its rarity.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 327 13
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