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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   1974| October-December  | Volume 8 | Issue 2  
    Online since March 27, 2010

 
 
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Myeloma-A Correlated Clinico-Pathologic And Immunologic Study
R. M Gupta, B. P Varma, I. M Gupta, Y. N Gupta
October-December 1974, 8(2):140-148
Plasma cell myeloma is well documented in western literature (Innes and Newell 1961, Myeloma Workshop 1971). However, only clinical studies are available in Indians (Khosla and Mehrotra 1964, Mathur and Gopinath 1967, and Rai et al 1971). Therefore, a correlated clinico-pathologic and immunologic study was undertaken to establish myeloma patterns in Indians at Varanasi.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]
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Evaluation Of Horse Hair As A Tendon Suturing Material An Experimental Study
H. N Sinha
October-December 1974, 8(2):149-156
Attempts have been made to repair severed tendons right from the tenth century to the modern surgical era. In surgical suturings, the ancient Greeks are known to have used not only silk, hemp and catgut but also gold wire. It was Avicenna who strongly advocated tendon suture during the tenth century and since then surgeons all over the world have performed tendon sutures using thread, catgut, silk, nylon, and metallic sutures namely, vitallium, tantalum and stainless steel wires. More recently, animal experiments have been carried out using Polyester suture (Urbanik et al 1973). Horse hair was used by the ancient Hindu Surgeons in ano-rectal surgery especially for applying ‘Knots’ around piles, in Ophthalmic surgery for raising a Pterygium, besides being used for skin closure. Susruta (600 B.C.), the greatest surgeon of ancient India recommended the use of horsehair for treatment of wounds in the skull which was also approved by Vagbhata. May (1949) and Farquharson (1962) also mention horsehair for skin closure.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 706 25
Sudanophilic Zones In Osteomalacia
R. K Shukla, B. M. S. R Gowda, K. C Samuel, A. K Gupta
October-December 1974, 8(2):157-160
The mechanism of calcification of bone is still not clearly understood. Irving (1958) demonstrated the presence of sudanophilic zones in the region of clacification fronts in calcifying tissues extracted with pyridine. Since then these zones have been studied extensively to find out the nature of material which takes up the Sudan B Stain. We have studied these zones in cancellous as well as cortical bones of 8o osteomalacic patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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In Memoriam Professor Puliyur Krishnaswami Duraiswami (1912-1974) And Dr. B. P. Bhatnagar (1917-1973)
P.K.S.
October-December 1974, 8(2):161-163
Full text not available  [PDF]
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Editorial And Annotations
N. S Narasimhan
October-December 1974, 8(2):91-92
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 215 16
A Study On Axial Loading Of The Human Trunk
P. R Davis, S Kumar
October-December 1974, 8(2):96-102
Heavy weight lifting is generally considered the immediate cause of herniation of the intervertebral discs. It has been surmise that pressure sensitive nerve endings may be located in these structures which may trigger the preventive pneumatic mechanism. A histological study (Kumar and Davis 1973) has failed to reveal any such nerve endings in the intervertebral discs. However, if compression of these structures is liable to evoke increases in hydrostatic and pneumatic pressure in the truncal cavitics (Bartelink 1957, Davis 1956, 1959) in defence of the intervertebral discs, such a pressure rise may also occur during axial loading. Thus human volunteers were loaded axially. They were asked to manoeuvre the weights above the shoulders with as little displacement as possible from the line of gravity of the body. The variations of the intra-abdominal pressure and electro-myographic activity of the crectores spinae and external oblique were studied. In addition to some observations on spinal motion during the manoeuvre, a check on heart rate was also kept.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 379 17
Functional End Results Of Patellectomy In Fracture Of The Patella
S. K Basu Ray, M. S Ghosh
October-December 1974, 8(2):103-108
The status of patellectomy in the treatment of fresh fractures of the patella is still open to discussion. Generally it is indicated for grossly comminuted fractures, compound fractures, and transverse fractures especially in the elderly. An attempts has been made in this paper to assess both the subjective and objective results after the operation with a view to evaluate the role of patellectomy in fresh fractures of patella.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Simultaneous Fractures Of The Clavicle And First Rib
J. S Makhani
October-December 1974, 8(2):109-115
Whereas fractures of the clavicle occur more frequently and those of the first rib rarely, simultaneous fractures of these bones constitute a very rare injury. Attention to the co-existence of fracture clavicle and first rib was drawn by weiner and O’Dell in 1969 when they reported 17 cases. In this paper, 9 cases of simultaneous traumatic fractures of the clavicle and first rib are reported.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 335 20
Transfibular Pantalar Arthrodesis
S. T Sundararaj, A Devadoss
October-December 1974, 8(2):116-119
The methods available for pantalar arthrodesis today have the difficulty of inadequate exposure and the need for prolonged immobilization (Steindler’s method), or the need for two stage procedures (Liebott’s method). A new method is described in this paper which gives adequate exposure, avoids the need for prolonged immobilization and is a simple, one stage procedure.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 389 13
Urinary Excretion Of Acid Mucopolysaccharide in Normal Human Beings And Generalised Musculo-Skeletal Affections
S. V Sharma, S. M Tuli
October-December 1974, 8(2):120-126
Normal urine contains chondroitin sulphate-A and possibly chondroitin sulphate-C but it does not contain chondroitin sulphate-B. Dorfman and Lorincz (1957) reported increased quantities of chondroitin sulphate-B and small amounts of secondary mucopolysaccharides identified as heparin mono-sulphuric acid in the urine of patients who had the clinical picture of Hurler’s disease. Dorfman’s work was confirmed by Meyer and his associates (1958). This finding coupled with histological picture indicated that Hurler’s disease was caused by abnormal metabolism or storage of chondroitin sulphate-B. More recently Nagel (1965) reported observations on acid mucopolysaccharide excretion in the urine of 64 patients with abnormal enchondral bone formation and other skeletal abnormlities. He concluded that the excretion of acid mucopolysaccharide in most of the skeletal disorders was near or below the mean normal values in the urine except in cases of Hurler’s disease where it was found raised.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 371 13
Xanthoma Of The Achilles Tendon
U. S Mishra, S. C Gupta
October-December 1974, 8(2):127-130
Xanthoma of the Achilles tendon is a rare lesion. Fahey et al (1973) in an extensive review on the subject collected 173 cases of Achilles tendon xanthoma from the English literature and added 7 patients of their own. The tendon lesion is invariably multiple and may be associated with other lesions like tuber xanthomas, xantholesma of the skin, arcus cornea and coronary heart disease. The purpose of this report is to add another case of xanthoma of the Achilles tendon associated with xanthoma of the right patellar tendon and bilateral congenital cataract yet unreported.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 435 20
Nail-Patella Syndrome
V. M Soodan
October-December 1974, 8(2):131-133
Nail patella syndrome or hereditary onychomesodysplasia is one of the few syndromes in which autosomal linkage has been established (Lawler, Renwick and Wildervanck 1957). It is of interest because of its rarity and the variety of congenital abnormalities. Broadly these include absent or hypoplastic patella, dystrophic or absent nails, abnormal growth of iliac bones- “iliac horns” and deformity of the joints especially of the elbow joint. The earliest description of the hereditary nature of this condition was by Sedgwick (quoted by Little 1897). Turner (1933) described the disorder in greater detail. Fong (1946) gave the name iliac horns to the projections on the dorsolateral aspects of iliac bone. He did not however associate it with any syndrome. The condition has been reported upon in India by Gadekar, Chawla and Anand (1962), Maini and Mittal (1966) and Pillay (1965).
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 415 24
Intraosseous Ganglion
V. P Bansal, D. S Grewal, O. N Nagi
October-December 1974, 8(2):134-135
Ganglia commonly form in synovial lining of the tendons or joints. Intraosseous ganglia are reportedly rare. Seymour (1968) described 2 cases of intraosseous ganglia in the lower end of tibia. Woods (1961) described 7 cases of cysts in the bones adjacent to joints having appearance similar to those of ganglia in soft tissues. Hicks (1956) and Crabbe (1966) also described subchondral cysts having similar features.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 358 24
A Case Of Alkaptonuric Arthritis Of The Knee Treated By Synovectomy
K. B Lal, M. P Udawat, A. P Mathur
October-December 1974, 8(2):136-139
Alkaptonuria is an inborn error of aminoacid metabolism, characterized by inability of human body to breakdown the aminoacids tyrosine and phenylalanine beyond the stage of homogentesic acid due to absence of enzyme-homogentisate oxygenase. As a result homogentesic acid accumulates in tissue, part being excreted in urine and sweat. The urine of such patients turns black due to oxidation of homogentesic acid. In some cases the homogentesic acid is deposited in tissues producing ochronosis. In exceptional cases, deposition in bone and joints leads to development of ochronotic arthritis. Ochronosis was first described by Virchow in 1866. Ochronotic arthritis was described by Gross and Allard (1907). In the last two decades increasing number of cases of this disease have been recorded (Sacks 1951, Natrajan 1960, Wahi and Bawa 1962). Hereditary basis of the condition was established by Hall, Hawkins and Child (1950).
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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