Year : 2014 | Volume
: 48 | Issue : 2 | Page : 232-
A tribute: Dr. Mangalore Gopal Kini (1893-1952)
Jagannath Bantwal Kamath
Department of Orthopaedics, K.M.C., Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Jagannath Bantwal Kamath
5/7/619(1), Devaki Krishna, Kodialbail, Mangalore - 575 003, Karnataka
|How to cite this article:|
Kamath JB. A tribute: Dr. Mangalore Gopal Kini (1893-1952).Indian J Orthop 2014;48:232-232
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Kamath JB. A tribute: Dr. Mangalore Gopal Kini (1893-1952). Indian J Orthop [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Jun 25 ];48:232-232
Available from: http://www.ijoonline.com/text.asp?2014/48/2/232/128782
Dr. Mangalore Gopal Kini a dedicated general surgeon with an immense training and interest in orthopedic surgery is an iconic doyen of surgical specialty of India. He was born on 05.08.1893 in an aristocratic family in Mangalore and completed his medical education from Madras Medical College in 1918 and subsequently joined the Indian Army in 1919. He was awarded the military cross for his exemplary gallantry services during active operations against the enemy and the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal for his distinguished services in the advancement of the interests of the British Raj. He joined the Madras Medical Services in the year 1921. In the year 1929, he went to U.K. for a specialized training in orthopedics and worked with Sir Robert Jones. He finished his F.R.C.S and M.Ch (Liverpool) in a record time of 2 years. Thereafter, he continued to work in the General Hospital, Madras until 1931 and was posted at Visakhapatnam as second surgeon in King George's Hospital as Professor of Operative Surgery. He was appointed as a Medical Superintendent of Government Stanely Hospital Madras in 1941 and until he retired in 1948. In spite of his busy academic and administrative carrier, he was involved as the head of the team sent by the government to Car Nicobar for providing medical relief during polio endemic in that island. He had 98 publication in Indian and foreign professional journals, an example of his skills zeal for recent advances in orthopedics. His vision and mission for the medical health care in India was much ahead of his time. He was quite optimistic of the private public partnership not only in starting postgraduate training centers but also believed it as the only way forward in the right direction in providing health care for the masses. Even in spite of having worked predominantly in pre independence era in government institutions, his nationalistic and patriotic feelings were quite obvious in his expression. He foresaw in the 1930s the importance of postgraduate training centers in the super specialties, in an era when the entire country was being catered by very few undergraduate medical colleges.
His energy, enthusiasm and expertise were appropriately utilized by the Government of India by designating him as an examiner to various universities and appointing him as a chief of Inspecting Board of Indian Medical Council to judge the suitability of institutions prior to recognition. Some of the most important and relevant contributions by Dr. Kini which is pertaining to the present scenario came during his post retirement era in the form of up gradation of the Department of Orthopedics in Armed Force Medical College in Pune and being the founding father of specialty hospital for children at Haji Ali, Bombay to cater large number of children afflicted with polio. He rendered yeoman service in that institution for the first 4 years of its inception. His contribution for the "art and science" of surgery and orthopedics was not only recognized by the national agencies but also by International Societies like the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh and American College of surgeons.
He had great flare for cricket and played cricket at local levels. In fact only an injury to the knee stopped him from perusing in the field of sports. Dr. M. G. Kini passed away on 22 nd August 1952 at the age of 59 due to a massive cardiac attack. It will not be an exaggeration if one sums up Dr. Kini's life as that of an eternal hero who had a clear picture of the future of orthopedics practice and teaching. "Kini Memorial Oration" is held by Indian Orthopaedic Association every year since 1958.