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   Table of Contents - Current issue
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November-December 2017
Volume 51 | Issue 6
Page Nos. 631-724

Online since Monday, November 6, 2017

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EDITORIAL  

Submission to publication demystified: A guide for authors p. 631
Ish Kumar Dhammi, Rehan Ul Haq
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_599_17  
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SYMPOSIUM - ICL - 2017 Top

Management of sub-axial cervical spine injuries p. 633
Gautam Zaveri, Gurdip Das
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_192_16  
Sub-axial cervical spine injuries are commonly seen in patients with blunt trauma. They may be associated with spinal cord injury resulting in tetraplegia and severe permanent disability. Immobilization of the neck, maintenance of blood pressure and oxygenation, rapid clinical and radiological assessment of all injuries, and realignment of the spinal column are the key steps in the emergency management of these injuries. The role of intravenous methylprednisolone administration in acute spinal cord injuries remains controversial. The definitive management of these injuries is based upon recognition of the fracture pattern, assessment of the degree of instability, the presence or absence of neurologic deficit, and other patient related factors that may influence the outcome. Nonoperative treatment comprises of some form of external immobilization for 8 to 12 weeks, followed by imaging to assess fracture healing, and to rule out instability. The goals of surgery are realignment of the vertebral column, decompression of the neural elements and instrumented stabilization.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

STITCHLESS percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy: Are we moving towards day care discectomy procedure? p. 653
Sunil M Nadkarni, Pavankumar Kohli, Bhupesh Patel, Satishchandra Gore, Bhagyashree S Kulkarni
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_283_16  
Background: STITCHLESS percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy s[PECD] is safe, precise, targeted, and a complete endoscopic procedure to treat soft cervical disc herniation with unilateral radiculopathy. It allows direct visualization of herniated fragment and its removal, inspection of decompressed nerve root in an awake and aware patient. It reduces the risk related to general anesthesia and to the neurological structures. However, all the patients treated with PECD can be candidates for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). ACDF requires a longer period of stay, expense, and more risk to neurological structures and ultimately loss of the disc space by fusion. Materials and Methods: Twenty consecutively treated patients by sPECD over a period of 2 years with soft cervical disc herniation and unilateral radiculopathy were included in the study. PECD enables removal of offending fragment under vision and irrigation and ablation of inflammation with few complications. All patients were followed for minimum of 6 months with visual analog score (VAS) and neck disability index (NDI). Results: All treated patients had a good outcome in terms of pain relief (VAS) and functional recovery (NDI). One patient had episodes of cough lying in the supine position and another patient had transient hoarseness of voice, (both recovered). Conclusion: Potential benefits of sPECD include safety as it is done under local anesthesia, smaller incision, short hospitalization, fewer complications, avoidance of fusion, preservation of segmental motion, preventing the adjacent segment degeneration, and avoidance of the risk related to the hardware (nonunion and pseudarthrosis). sPECD is an effective treatment modality for soft cervical disc herniation.
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Cervical laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation in cervical spondylotic myelopathy: Neurological and sagittal alignment outcome: Do we need lateral mass screws at each segment? p. 658
Manoj Dayalal Singrakhia, Nikhil Ramdas Malewar, Sonal Manoj Singrakhia, Shivaji Subhash Deshmukh
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_266_16  
Background: Anterior cervical decompression and fusion is the standard procedure used for treating patients with cervical myelopathy. However, these procedures are associated with complications such as pseudarthrosis, construct failure, and neurological complications. Posterior cervical laminectomy and instrumentation is an alternative procedure to treat multilevel cervical myelopathy. In this study, we raised questions whether instrumentation is required at all levels and whether stabilizing the spine in neutral or lordotic contour with indirect decompression leads to neurological improvement with radiological evidence of anterior decompression. The results of posterior cervical laminectomy and instrumentation with lateral mass screw in terms of radiological and functional outcome in patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy are prospectively evaluated. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study conducted between June 2006 and December 2015, we have evaluated 112 patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy who underwent multilevel cervical laminectomy and instrumentation with lateral mass screw. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with Nurick's grading and Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) scale for neurological function. Cooper scale and British Medical Research Council grading system for motor function. Curvature index was used to measure the alignment of cervical spine preoperatively and postoperatively. Alignment of the cervical spine was done preoperatively and postoperatively by calculating the curvature index. Axial MRI was used to calculate the severity of compression preoperatively which was calculated as per Singh's criteria and postoperatively to assess the adequacy of decompression at the operated level. Results: In our study, there were 112 patients including 99 males and 13 females, with mean age of 59.53 years. The mean duration of followup of patients was 33.24 months. In total, cervical laminectomy was performed at 342 levels in 112 patients with an average of 3.05 laminectomies, and in total, 112 lateral mass screws were inserted. On postoperative followup, the mJOA and Nurick's grading showed improvement in all cases as compared to preoperative findings. The mean mJOA improved significantly from 8.56 preoperatively to 13.57 postoperatively (P < 0.001). The mean Nurick's grading also improved significantly from 2.59 preoperatively to 0.66 postoperatively (P < 0.001). The mean Cooper scale also showed significant improvement in both upper and lower limbs postoperatively (P < 0.001). The mean preoperative Cooper scale was 1.75 and postoperative was 0.31 for upper limbs, and the mean Cooper scale was 2.14 preoperatively and 0.56 postoperatively for lower limbs. X-rays done on routine followups showed good alignment of the cervical spine with maintenance of curvature index in all patients. The mean grade of compression as seen on preoperative MRI was 2.46 which reduced significantly postoperatively to 0.16 (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The multilevel cervical laminectomy and instrumentation with lateral mass screw for multilevel cervical myelopathy is a safe technique that provides decompression of the spinal cord, prevents the development of kyphotic spinal deformity and posterior tension band of the spinal cord as associated with laminoplasty or uninstrumented laminectomy.
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Computer simulation of two-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy for severe thoracolumbar kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis p. 666
Ning Zhang, Hao Li, Zheng-Kuan Xu, Wei-Shan Chen, Qi-Xin Chen, Fang-Cai Li
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_222_16  
Background: Advanced ankylosing spondylitis is often associated with thoracolumbar kyphosis, resulting in an abnormal spinopelvic balance and pelvic morphology. Different osteotomy techniques have been used to correct AS deformities, unfortunnaly, not all AS patients can gain spinal sagittal balance and good horizontal vision after osteotomy. Materials and Methods: Fourteen consecutive AS patients with severe thoracolumbar kyphosis who were treated with two-level PSO were studied retrospectively. All were male with a mean age of 34.9 ± 9.6 years. The followup ranged from 1–5 years. Preoperative computer simulations using the Surgimap Spinal software were performed for all patients, and the osteotomy level and angle determined from the computer simulation were used surgically. Spinal sagittal parameters were measured preoperatively, after the computer simulation, and postoperatively and included thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt (PT), and sacral slope (SS). The level of correlation between the computer simulation and postoperative parameters was evaluated, and the differences between preoperative and postoperative parameters were compared. The visual analog scale (VAS) for back pain and clinical outcome was also assessed. Results: Six cases underwent PSO at L1 and L3, five cases at L2 and T12, and three cases at L3 and T12. TK was corrected from 57.8 ± 15.2° preoperatively to 45.3 ± 7.7° postoperatively (P < 0.05), LL from 9.3 ± 17.5° to −52.3 ± 3.9° (P < 0.001), SVA from 154.5 ± 36.7 to 37.8 ± 8.4 mm (P < 0.001), PT from 43.3 ± 6.1° to 18.0 ± 0.9° (P < 0.001), and SS from 0.8 ± 7.0° to 26.5 ± 10.6° (P < 0.001). The LL, VAS, and PT of the simulated two-level PSO were highly consistent with, or almost the same as, the postoperative parameters. The correlations between the computer simulations and postoperative parameters were significant. The VAS decreased significantly from 6.1 ± 1.9 to 2.0 ± 1.1 (P < 0.001). In terms of clinical outcome, 10 cases were graded “excellent” and 4 cases were graded “good.” Conclusion: Two-level PSO using a preoperative computer simulation is a feasible, safe, and effective technique for the treatment of severe thoracolumbar kyphosis in AS patients with normal cervical motion.
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Biomechanical analysis of range of motion and failure characteristics of osteoporotic spinal compression fractures in human cadaver p. 672
Robert F Heary, Naresh K Parvathreddy, Nitin Agarwal
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_147_16  
Background: Vertebroplasty is a treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. The optimal location of needle placement for cement injection remains a topic of debate. As such, the authors assessed the effects of location of two types of cement instillations. In addition, the motion and failure modes at the index and adjacent segments were measured. Materials and Methods: Seven human osteoporotic cadaver spines (T1-L4), cut into four consecutive vertebral segments, were utilized. Of these, following the exclusion of four specimens not suitable to utilize for analysis, a total of 24 specimens were evaluable. Segments were randomly assigned into four treatment groups: unipedicular and bipedicular injections into the superior quartile or the anatomic center of the vertebra using confidence (Confidence Spinal Cement System®, DePuy Spine, Raynham, MA, USA) or polymethyl methacrylate. The specimens were subjected to nondestructive pure moments of 5 Nm, in 2.5 Nm increments, using pulleys and weights to simulate six degrees of physiological motion. A follower preload of 200 N was applied in flexion extension. Testing sequence: range of motion (ROM) of intact specimen, fracture creation, cement injection, ROM after cement, and compression testing until failure. Nonconstrained motion was measured at the index and adjacent levels. Results: At the index level, no significant differences were observed in ROM in all treatment groups (P > 0.05). There was a significant increase in adjacent level motion only for the treatment group that received a unipedicular cement injection at the anatomic center. Conclusion: The location of the needle (superior or central) and treatment type (unipedicular or bipedicular) had no significant effect on the ROM at the index site. At the adjacent levels, a significant increase occurred with therapy through a unipedicular approach into the centrum of the vertebra at the treated segment.
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Treatment of femoroacetabular impingement with a mini-open direct anterior approach p. 677
Pawel Skowronek, Marek Synder, Michał Polguj, Dariusz Marczak, Marcin Sibiński
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_248_16  
Background: The opinion about best methods of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) treatment are not consistent. Operative treatment of this condition may be arthroscopic, but open procedures with osteotomy of the greater trochanter and hip dislocation has been used. The present study evaluates the benefits of the mini-open direct anterior approach (DAA) in treating patients with FAI, with is a procedure available for most orthopedic surgeons. Materials and Methods: 39 patients treated for FAI (25 men and 14 women) at an average age of 29.3 years (range 18–46 years) were reviewed in this retrospective study. The mean followup was 45 months, (range 24-55 months). The hip impingement test was positive in all patients. The diagnosis of FAI was confirmed on anteroposterior and lateral hip view radiographs. All patients were operated with mini-open DAA. The outcomes were assessed with the Harris Hip Score, Short-Form 36 Health Survey and VAS score. Preoperative osteoarthritis was assessed according to Tönnis score. Results: At the final followup, improvement was noted compared to preoperative status in Harris Hip Score (P < 0.00001), visual analog scale score (P < 0.001), and Short-Form-36 score (P < 0.001). Nineteen patients returned to their previous sports activities. No major complications occurred. One patient developed heterotopic ossification and three patients developed temporary postoperative meralgia paresthetica. Five patients from the treatment group required total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis. Conclusions: Mini-open DAA is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of FAI that gives good relief of symptoms and allows a successful return to preoperative activity levels. Further research with a longer followup period is needed to evaluate the influence of surgery on natural history of FAI.
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Clinical outcomes of an initial 3-month trial of conservative treatment for femoroacetabular impingement p. 681
Aditya L Kekatpure, Taesoo Ahn, Chul-Ho Kim, Soong Joon Lee, Kang Sup Yoon, Pil Whan Yoon
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_212_16  
Background: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can be managed either conservatively or by a surgical correction of the deformity causing impingement. However, there is insufficient evidence to justify an immediate surgical treatment in all symptomatic patients, and the role of a nonoperative treatment is unclear. This study evaluates the role of conservative treatment for FAI. Materials and Methods: 87 patients (102 hips) diagnosed as FAI between January 2011 and May 2012 were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent an initial 3-month conservative treatment followed by arthroscopic hip surgery if symptoms did not improve. Clinical outcome scores (modified Harris Hip Score, nonarthritic hip score, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index) were evaluated at baseline and at the end of followup, and scores were compared between the nonsurgical and surgical groups. Results: The final analysis included 83 patients (55 men, 28 women; 97 hips) because four patients were lost to followup. The average age was 45.1 years and 14 patients had bilateral symptomatic FAI. After an initial conservative treatment averaging 27.5 months (range 24–36 months), 53 hips (54.6%) could perform normal daily activities. The nonsurgical group had significant improvements in all clinical scores at the end of followup (P < 0.001). Forty four hips (45.4%) were unresponsive to conservative treatment and underwent arthroscopic hip surgery with subsequent significant improvements in clinical scores (P < 0.001). At the end of followup, there were no significant differences in clinical scores between the two groups. Conclusion: An initial trial of conservative treatment of sufficient length should be considered for FAI patients before surgical intervention.
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A minimally invasive technique using a modified stoppa approach for periacetabular osteotomy: A preliminary cadaveric study p. 687
Turgut Akgul, Osman Coskun, Murat Korkmaz, Ilke Ali Gurses, Cengiz Sen, Ozcan Gayretli
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_204_16  
Background: Developmental hip dysplasia is diagnosed when the femoral head is not sufficiently covered by the acetabulum. Anterior and lateral cover deficiency is seen, as a result a dysplastic hip joint. Various incision modifications have been developed because of the muscle dissection and wide wound scar in Smith-Peterson incision, which was originally used in Bernese osteotomy. This study evaluates applicability of the modified Stoppa approach in the performance of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). Materials and Methods: Ten hemipelvises of five donor cadavers were used. The transverse Stoppa incision was made 2 cm over the symphysis pubis for quadrilateral surface exposure and pubic and ischial bone osteotomies. The second skin incision, a few centimeters lateral to the original incision, was made along the tensor fascia lata. Iliac bone osteotomy was performed starting just above the rectus femoris insertion. The displacement of the osteotomy was measured clinically and radiographically. Results: The mean anterior coverage calculated with center-edge angle was improved from 22.8° ±2.8 (range 20° min–28° max) preoperatively to 44.1° ± 3.7 (range 36° min–48° max). The displacement of the osteotomy at the iliopectineal line calculated on the iliac inlet view radiographs was 22.1 ± 3.4 mm (range 15 mm min–26 mm max). The clinical amount of the anterior displacement on the cadavers was 17.8 ± 3.35 mm (range 11 mm–21 mm) and lateral displacement was 20.3 ± 3.23 mm (range 15 mm–24 mm). The amount of the posterior intact bone enlargement at the quadrilateral surface was 5.3 ± 0.48 mm. Conclusion: This less traumatic two-incision exposure is an adequate technique for Bernese PAO, allowing the bone to be cut under direct visual observation and reducing the need to use fluoroscopy.
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Morton's neuroma (interdigital neuralgia) treated with metatarsal sliding osteotomy p. 692
Joonho Lee, Jeongyo Kim, Myoungjin Lee, Intak Chu, Sungjae Lee, Heuichul Gwak
DOI:10.4103/0019-5413.217678  
Background: Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia and many treatments had been described in literature. However, there have been only a few reports that treat the neuroma with an osteotomy on the proximal, not distal portion of the metatarsal bone using a plate. This study describes the clinical outcome of sliding osteotomy on the proximal metatarsal bone for the treatment of Morton's neuroma. Materials and Methods: Sixty five consecutive patients (85 feet) who underwent surgery for Morton's neuroma between November 2010 and February 2013 were identified from hospital records to include in this retrospective study. Average followup period was 37.3 months (range 24–51 months). Mean patient age at surgery was 50.2 years (range 23–75 years). Metatarsal sliding osteotomies were only performed on the third metatarsal bone. Clinical evaluations with the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Interphalangeal Scale (AOFAS LMIS) and Foot Function Index (FFI) were performed. The length of the lesser toe was measured for radiologic evaluation. Results: Postoperatively, AOFAS LMIS and FFI were improved from 52.1 (range 45–60) and 62.4 (range 54–73) to 74.2 (range 68–86) and 31.3 (range 26–37). At the last followup, preoperative pain was dissolved in 79 feet (93% of overall 85 feet). A shortened 3.2 mm (±1.1) metatarsal bone following osteotomy was radiographically measured. There were six cases of complications (soft tissue infection, early numbness, delayed union, limitation of dorsiflexion and metal failure, etc.). Conclusions: This proximal metatarsal sliding osteotomy can be a relatively effective operative method in relieving pain from Morton's neuroma.
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A newly designed intramedullary nail for the treatment of diaphyseal forearm fractures in adults p. 697
Ibrahim Azboy, Abdullah Demirtaş, Celil Alemdar, Mehmet Gem, Kadir Uzel, Huseyin Arslan
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_79_16  
Background: The treatment of diaphyseal forearm fractures using open reduction and plate fixation is generally accepted as the best choice in many studies. However, periosteal stripping, haematoma evacuation may result in delayed union, nonunion and infection. Refracture after plate removal is another concern. To overcome these problems intramedullary nails (IM) with different designs have been used with various outcomes. However previous IM nails have some shortcomings such is rotational instability and interlocking difficulties. We evaluated the results of newly designed IM nail in the treatment of diaphyseal forearm fractures in adults. Materials and Methods: 32 patients who had been treated with the interlocking IM nail for forearm fractures between 2011 and 2014 were included in this study. There were 23 males and 9 females with mean age of 36 years (range 18-68 years). 22 patients (68.8%) had both bone fractures. Nine patients (28.1%) had open fractures. The remaining ten patients (31.2%) had radius or ulna fractures. Grace and Eversmann rating system was used to assess functional evaluation. Patient reported outcomes were assessed using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire scores. Results: Union was achieved in all patients. The mean followup was 17 months (range 13 – 28 months). According to the Grace-Eversmann criteria, 27 patients (87.5%) had excellent or good results. The mean DASH score was 14 (range 5-36). Overall complication rate was 12.5%. Superficial infection was encountered in two patients. One patient had delayed union, however fracture healed without any additional surgical procedure. One patient who had open grade 3A, comminuted proximal third radius fracture developed radioulnar synostosis. Conclusions: The new design IM interlocking forearm nail provides satisfactory functional and radiological outcomes in the treatment of adult diaphyseal forearm fractures.
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Flexion deformities of the wrist and fingers in spastic cerebral palsy: A protocol of management p. 704
Tarek Hassan Abdelaziz, Shady Samir Elbeshry, Mahmoud Mahran, Ahmad Saeed Aly
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_160_16  
Background: Literature is confusing regarding grading and treatment of flexion deformities of wrist and fingers in spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The most established classification is that described by Zancolli; unfortunately, it has its shortcomings which we experienced in the beginning of our approach to manage this rather difficult deformity. We thus modified Zancolli's classification and developed a classification system and treatment protocol. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with spastic CP were operated upon due to flexion deformity of the wrist and fingers and were included in this study. Age ranged from 4 to 14 years, average 7 years. There were twenty boys and ten girls. Results: The average followup was 18 months (range 9 months - 3 years). The power of wrist dorsiflexion, the “House's classification of upper extremity functional use” and the clinical assessment of hand function were used for evaluation; they improved in all patients and this improvement was statistically significant. In all patients, cosmetic appearance improved without any residual flexion deformity. Conclusion: This study introduces a new grading system for flexion deformity of wrist and fingers in spastic CP that correlates with severity of the condition and allows a treatment protocol to be established.
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Management of nail bed injuries associated with fingertip injuries p. 709
Alexander George, Reena Alexander, C Manju
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_231_16  
Background: Management of nail injuries can often be a challenging experience, especially in presence of complex fingertips' injuries that include soft tissue loss and distal phalanx injury. Most studies found in the literature focus on individual injuries and describe methods to tackle those injuries, notwithstanding the fact that the nail, nailbed, distal phalanx, soft tissue and skin of the finger tip form a complex and often more than one element of this complex is injured. This retrospective study therefore focuses on the management of nail bed injuries as a part of the complex finger tip injury and outlines the surgical principles and techniques that were used in their management. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and forty patients from a tertiary care center in different clinical settings where a wide variety of cases involving the nail bed injuries were included in this study. Patients comprised of 192 (80%) males and 48 (20%) females with the average male age of 37.3 years (range 1-66 years) and average female age of 29 years (range 1-59 years). 210 patients had single finger involment, 30 patients had two finger involvement (total fingers involved- 270). The middle finger was most commonly involved while the index finger was the second most commonest finger involved. In 198 (89.18%) patients local anaesthesia was used while in the rest: regional blocks [n = 10 (4.5%)] and general anaesthesia [n = 14 (6.3%)] were used. Results: In this retrospective study, out of the total of two hundred and forty patients, 222 (92.5%) patients underwent surgery, while the rest 18 (7.5%) were treated conservatively. Two hundred and ten patients who underwent surgery had complete healing over the course of treatment and followup, while four patients needed secondary interventional. Eight patients who had surgery were migrant workers were lost to follow up after surgery. Eight patients had postoperative complications that included infection, secondary necrosis, wound breakdown and non healing fractures. Conclusion: Accurate and timely diagnosis of nail bed injury and its meticulous repair is cardinal to the management of any nail bed injury. However all nail bed injuries must be seen in the context of associated injuries of the finger tip complex, namely skin, soft tissue and distal phalanx injuries. Fixation of associated bony injury which closely underlines the nail bed and provides physical support to the nail bed along with correction of soft tissue injuries in the form of flaps or grafts, compounded by the repair or replacement of nail plate in the first 24 hours.
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CASE REPORT Top

Metallosis: A complication in the guided growing rod system used in treatment of scoliosis p. 714
Jae Hyuk Yang, Chang Hwa Ham, Yeok Gu Hwang, Seung Woo Suh
DOI:10.4103/0019-5413.217692  
Soft tissue reaction following metallic debris formation with the use of guided growing rod system has not been previously reported in human. The purpose of this study is to report complications caused by metallosis in a guided growing rod system. A 9-year-old female patient, who underwent treatment for the progressive idiopathic scoliosis (with Cobb's angle of 71°) with the guided growing rod system. Her Cobb's angle was corrected to 13° with the index surgery. During the 5 years postoperative period, she manifested recurrent episodes of skin irritation and progressive worsening of lateral curvature of the spine to an angle of 57°. Furthermore, at her final followup, Risser stage 4 with a gain in height of 26.4 cm was achieved. Considering adequate growth attainment and deterioration in the curvature, revision surgery with fusion was performed. Postoperative Cobb's angle of 23° was achieved with the final correction. During the revisional surgery, signs of implant wear and metallosis were observed at the location of the unconstrained screws. On histological evaluation, chronic inflammation with foreign body granules was seen. However, titanium level in the body was within normal range. She was discharged without any complications. More research on implant wear as a complication in the guided growing rod system is necessary before its widespread use. The occurrence of metallosis with the use of guided growing rod system in growing young children should be considered, when designing the implants.
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LETTERS TO EDITOR Top

Effective medical writing: How to write a case report which editors would publish Highly accessed article p. 719
Raju Vaishya, Abhishek Vaish
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_246_17  
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Author's reply p. 719
Rehan Ul Haq, Ish Kumar Dhammi
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_429_17  
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BOOK REVIEW Top

Tuberculosis of bones, joints, and spine: Evidence-based management guide p. 721
S Rajasekaran
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_502_17  
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PROFILE Top

Legends of Indian orthopedics: Dr. Brij Bhushan Joshi p. 722
Ram Prabhoo, Bhavuk Garg
DOI:10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_587_17  
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ERRATUM Top

Erratum: Current concepts in sports injury rehabilitation p. 724

DOI:10.4103/0019-5413.217722  
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