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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 465-471

Lateral clavicle fractures with coracoclavicular ligament disruption (Neer's Type IIB): Review of literature and a new technique for all-suture fixation


Department of Orthopaedics, Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, England, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Praveen Sarda
Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Road, Manchester, England M13 9WL
UK
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_485_18

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Background: All-suture fixation for the treatment of Neer's Type IIB lateral clavicle fractures by coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction has become popular in the past decade. Results of modified under-coracoid-around-clavicle (UCAC) technique are reported in this paper. Methodology and Results: Nineteen consecutive patients with minimum 6-month followup (FU) were identified. Average FU was 23 months (6–47 m), mean age was 38 years (16–81), and male-to-female ratio was 2:1. The time to surgery varied from 4 days to 12 weeks. Two patients had primary lateral end excision; of the rest, all but one healed fully. Average time to regain full range of motion was 4 weeks; postoperative Oxford Shoulder Score at 6 months was 43. All the patients returned to their previous occupation. One patient showed mild osteolysis on the last X-rays. There were no cases with infections or stiffness. Discussion: CC ligament reconstruction converts the unstable Type IIB fracture into stable Type I; therefore, it is unnecessary to fix the distal fragment separately. Standard plating procedures are technically challenging due to small lateral fragment and frequently require a second operation for implant removal. The cost of commercially available implants vary from ≤750 to ≤1450. This technique is quick, easy to perform, provides good primary stability, and comparable union rates with other techniques at an implant cost of <£120. Conclusion: This is a reproducible and efficient technique that provides comparable results with other established procedures at a fraction of the cost of the next cheapest implant. It is recommended for the treatment of displaced Type II clavicle fractures. Level of Evidence: Level IV.


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