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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 315-323

Prospective analysis of functional outcome of single-stage surgical treatment for symptomatic tandem spinal stenosis


1 Department of Spine Surgery, Shanta Spine Institute, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Shanta Spine Institute, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manoj Dayalal Singrakhia
Shanta Spine Institute, 1st Floor Ashirvad Complex, Ramdaspeth, Nagpur - 440 010, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_316_17

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Background: Tandem spinal stenosis (TSS) is a rare presentation leading to combined clinical features of upper motor neuron and lower motor neuron lesion which includes intermittent neurogenic claudication with or without neurological deficit, progressive gait imbalance and gait disturbances. In literature, there is controversy whether stage surgery or single-stage surgery should be done. Materials and Methods: From June 2009 to November 2016 in a series of 1381 patients who underwent surgery for various degenerative spinal conditions, 82 patients were diagnosed with having symptomatic TSS with an incidence of 5.93%. All patients diagnosed with TSS underwent single-stage surgical intervention by one surgical team. The perioperative factors were recorded for each patient. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively at each followup with the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score, Nurick's grading, Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Cooper scale. Results: In this study, 82 patients including 70 males and 12 females underwent simultaneous surgical intervention for symptomatic TSS. The mean age of patients was 61.78 ± 10.48 years. There was a significant improvement in mJOA score, Nuricks grading, ODI and Coopers scale postoperatively as compared to preoperative values (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Symptomatic TSS can be safely managed by single-stage surgical intervention with good postoperative results or without a significant increase in complication rates. Single-stage surgical intervention helps to relieve the symptoms of both cervical and lumbar spinal cord compression, avoids the risk of repeated anesthesia, reduce the duration of surgery, repeated hospitalization hence, reducing the cost for hospitalization and also reducing the rehabilitation, recuperation time and early functional recovery justifies single-stage surgical intervention.


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