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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-52

Distal femoral extension osteotomy with 90° pediatric condylar locking compression plate and patellar tendon advancement for the correction of crouch gait in cerebral palsy

Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alaric Aroojis
Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital For Children, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_410_17

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Background: Various treatment modalities are available for the correction of crouch gait, ranging from hamstring lengthening to a combination of soft-tissue and bony procedures. We report the results of distal femoral extension osteotomy (DFEO) fixed with 90° pediatric condylar locking compression plate (LCP) and patellar tendon advancement (PTA) for crouch gait in children with cerebral palsy. Materials and Methods: A total of 26 patients (52 knees) with a mean age of 14.36 years (range 11.6–20 years) who presented with crouch gait were treated with DFEO and PTA. Patients were analyzed prospectively using clinical (knee flexion deformity, knee range of motion, extensor lag), functional (modified Ashworth, Tardieu scores, muscle strength, gross motor functional classification system [GMFCS], functional mobility scale [FMS], gross motor functional measure [GMFM]) and radiological (Koshino Index) outcome measures and followed up at a mean of 22 months (range 12–53 months). Results: There was an improvement in all outcome measures postoperatively, with improved function and independence. The mean knee flexion deformity improved significantly from 20.7° ± 6.59 to 0.67° ± 2.62, mean muscle strength of quadriceps improved from 3.01 ± 0.5 to 3.5 ± 0.54 and mean extensor lag improved from 20° ± 7.14 to 4.13° ± 4.16. The mean Koshino Index improved from 1.4 ± 0.16 to 1.0 ± 0.08. The mean GMFM-D improved from 15.58 ± 6.2 to 26.31 ± 5.8 and mean FMS for 5 m improved from 2.9 ± 1.09 to 3.6 ± 0.84, indicating significant improvement in household ambulation. There were four complications; transient peroneal nerve palsy in 3 patients, which recovered completely and 1 superficial wound dehiscence. There was no loss of fixation, tendon pull-out or deep infection. Conclusion: The combined procedure of DFEO and PTA can correct knee flexion deformity, restore knee extensor strength, and improve function in patients with crouch gait. The pediatric condylar LCP provides stable fixation to allow early mobilization and faster rehabilitation.

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