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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 625-630

Three-dimensional models in planning of revision hip arthroplasty with complex acetabular defects


Department of Trauma, Orthopaedics and Disaster Surgery, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow 119991, Russia

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Yaroslav A Rukin
Rukin Y., Zelenaya str., 32-2-72, Balashikha, Moscow Region
Russia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_556_16

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Background: Careful preoperative planning in revision cases with complex acetabular defects is crucial for optimal surgery outcome. However, in many cases, computed tomography (CT) scans cannot give a clear understanding of the pelvic destruction. Three-dimensional (3D) models-based on CT data can help surgeon in planning of complex acetabular reconstruction. Materials and Methods: We used 3D plaster pelvic models in 17 revision cases. There were 5 patients with Paprosky II C acetabular defects, 2 patients with Paprosky IIIA defects, and 10 patients with Paprosky IIIB defects (3 patients among them with pelvic discontinuity). We used 3D printer and digital 3D models based on CT scan data for 3D models printing. In 3 cases with Paprosky IIIB defects, we implanted custom-made acetabular components with the porous coating, also printed on the 3D printer. Results: In 14 cases, we used trabecular metal (TM) augments with TM cups. In 100% of cases, number and type of planned and used augments were same. In 9 (64.3%) cases, size of planned and used cups was same. In other cases, the difference was not >2 mm. Conclusions: Use of 3D plaster models for the revision hip arthroplasty planning with complex acetabular defects has shown high accuracy in the clear understanding of acetabular bone deficiency.


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