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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 449-453

Epidemiology of pediatric musculoskeletal injuries and their pattern in a tertiary care center of North India

Department of Orthopaedics, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Omeshwar Singh
Department of Orthopaedics, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_516_17

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Background: Trauma is emerging as an epidemic and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Children <15 years of age comprise about 32.8% or about 1/3rd of the total Indian population. In India, up to one fourth of hospital admissions and approximately 15% of deaths in children are due to injury. This study presents the epidemiology, various causes and pattern of musculoskeletal injuries in pediatric population of North India. Materials and Methods: This is an observational, prospective hospital-based study conducted in a tertiary care center of North India for 6 months from July to December 2016. All pediatric patients in the age group 0-15 years who presented to the orthopedic emergency and out patient department with a history of trauma were included in the study. Results: Children aged 6-15 years (58%) suffered more injuries than children under 5 years of age (42%). Male pediatric population (58.5%) had more musculoskeletal injuries as compared to female pediatric population of the same age group (41.5%) in both the groups. Urban pediatric population (68.78%) suffered more injuries as compared to rural population of the same age group. Right extremities were more commonly involved in both the age groups. Upper limb injuries (50.59% in 0-5 years age group and 47.42% in 6- 15 years age group) were most common followed by lower limb and pelvic injuries. Very few (2.9% in 0- 5 years age group and 4.8% in 6-15 years age group) patients sustained isolated spinal injuries. Out of the 3712 patients 59.40% of patients had a history of fall, followed by road traffic accident related injuries (32%). The most common injuries were superficial injuries i.e., abrasions and bruises. The second most common injury was cut or open wounds mostly seen on hand, forearm and legs. Conclusion: The high incidence of pediatric trauma on roads and falls indicates the need for more supervision during playing and identification of specific risk factors for these injuries in our setting. Injuries in pediatric age group by and large is a preventable condition. Therefore, injury prevention in children should be a priority.

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