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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 411-417

Analysis of staged treatment for gustilo anderson IIIB/C open tibial fractures

Department of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery, Puai Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yi-Jun Ren
Department of Reparative And Reconstructive Surgery, Puai Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan - 430 033
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_344_16

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Background: Gustilo Anderson III B/C open tibial fractures are more difficult to manage than I, II, and III A fractures. These open tibial fractures are often associated with wound infection, soft tissue necrosis, bone nonunion, osteomyelitis or amputation. Staged treatment for this severe trauma is very necessary. Materials and Methods: 25 cases of Gustilo Anderson IIIB/C open tibial fractures with serious soft-tissue defects treated between January 2010 and January 2015 were included in this study. The treatment was administered in three stages. The first stage included emergency debridement, external fixation, repair of damaged main blood vessels and nerves, covering of the wound, and infection control. The second stage involved skin flap or skin graft placement to repair wounds. The third stage involved replacement of the external fixator with an internal fixator and the placement of bone grafts. Results: All the skin flaps or skin grafts survived, and a small necrotic area in the distal flap was observed in only two cases (which resolved spontaneously after the dressing was changed). Bone union occurred at the predicted time in 23 cases, while it was delayed in 2 cases. The rate of excellent and good was 88%. Conclusion: Staged treatment was safe and effective for Gustilo Anderson IIIB/C tibial fractures. The timing for the placement of internal and external fixators and choosing the appropriate skin flap repair technique are important.

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