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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 369-373

Midterm results of conversion from failed bipolar hemiarthroplasty to total hip arthroplasty

1 Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, 160 Ilsim-Ri, Hwasun-Eup, Hwasun-Gun, Jeonnam 58128, Korea
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, NOCERAL, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Taek-Rim Yoon
Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, 160 Ilsim-Ri, Hwasun-Eup, Hwasun-Gun, Jeonnam 58128
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_494_16

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Background: Conversion from failed bipolar hemiarthroplasty (HA) to total hip arthroplasty (THA) presents a great challenge to orthopedic surgeons for bipolar head removal and cup placement with or without change of femoral stem. Conversion THA after failed bipolar arthroplasty is known to offer both symptomatic and functional improvement. This study evaluates the midterm functional outcome and complications, especially dislocation associated with femoral head diameter, after conversion THA. Materials and Methods: Forty eight hips with the conversion of bipolar HA to THA were followed up for an average 6.2 years (range 2.0–11.5 years). Twenty one hips had conversion surgery to THA using metal-on-metal articulation (28 or 32 mm head). Nine hips used ceramic-on-ceramic (28–40 mm) and eighteen hips used large head metal-on-metal bearing (>40 mm). Outcome was evaluated using Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score. The radiographs were analyzed for evidence of osteolysis and/or loosening. The complications were evaluated, especially dislocation with different femoral head diameter. Results: Average HHS significantly improved from 42 preoperatively to 86 postoperatively and the average WOMAC score also significantly improved from 47 to 22 postoperatively. Radiological evaluation showed all the femoral components were stable. There was one acetabular component loosening, which required revision 9 years after conversion to THA. One dislocation and one recurrent dislocation were recorded in isolated acetabular revision hip; whereas one dislocation, one recurrent dislocation, and one trochanteric nonunion occurred in the hips with revision of both components. All dislocations occurred in hips with a femoral head size of 28 mm (P = 0.052). The cup and femoral head interval length was the most significant factor contributing to dislocation (P = 0.013). Conclusions: Conversion THA after failed bipolar HA offers a reliable pain relief and functional improvement. To prevent dislocation, it is highly recommended to use a larger diameter femoral head, especially where the cup size is big.

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