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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 92-93
Legends of Indian Orthopedics: Puliyur Krishnaswamy Duraiswami

1 Department of Orthopedics, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, Vidyasagar Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, New Delhi, India

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Date of Web Publication10-Jan-2018

How to cite this article:
Garg B, Tuli S M. Legends of Indian Orthopedics: Puliyur Krishnaswamy Duraiswami. Indian J Orthop 2018;52:92-3

How to cite this URL:
Garg B, Tuli S M. Legends of Indian Orthopedics: Puliyur Krishnaswamy Duraiswami. Indian J Orthop [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Dec 7];52:92-3. Available from:

Dr.P. K. Duraiswami was born on April 23, 1912, in Puliyur, Tamil Nadu. Although he started his initial education in mathematics, soon changed his mind and took medicine. He completed his graduation(MBBS) in 1936 and postgraduation(MS) in 1942 from prestigious Madras University. He started his medical career in 1942 at Government Royapettah Hospital. Later, he joined the Armed Forces in 1943 as a surgical specialist during late Second World War. In 1948, he completed his MCh. from the University of Liverpool in England. Later, he also got Fellowship of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons in 1949.[1]

His keen interest in research led him to obtain a doctoral degree(PhD) from the University of Liverpool in 1951. This was reportedly the first instance from the Liverpool University when they awarded a doctorate for an original research in orthopedics. Later, he joined John Hopkins University as faculty in orthopedics and worked for 2years.[1] He earned several accolades in England namely “Hunterian Professorship” of Liverpool University and two medals, the Robert Jones Medal and the Presidential Merit Award, from the British Orthopaedic Association.[1] He also received Robert Jones National memorial Traveling fellowship and Rockefeller Foundation Travelling Fellowship.[2]

His experimental observations regarding teratogenesis brought in the knowledge of the role of environmental factors and harmful agents in the induction of congenital malformations in human beings.

Later, he came back to India as Professor and Head of Orthopedics Department at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, on invitation from Government of India in 1954. This was the first professorship of orthopedics in India. He was also contributory to the creation of Central Institute of Orthopedics at Safdarjung Hospital, NewDelhi. He became its director in 1954. In 1960, he left administrative responsibilities but remained there as a senior orthopedic surgeon till 1974, year of his demise. He left for heavenly abode on March 11, 1974, following a hemorrhagic stroke.[1],[2],[3]

He also served as Director General of Health Services to the Government of India and advised government of orthopedics and rehabilitation-related matters.

He introduced and put into operation the concept of mobile medical units for remote and rural areas. He was a founder member of prestigious National Academy of Medical Sciences. He became president of Indian Orthopedic Association in 1965.

He was well known internationally for his work on congenital anomalies.[4] He authored several notable academic orthopedic articles' orthopedics. He also wrote a historical account, “5000years of Orthopaedics in India,” which was published in clinical orthopedics related research journal.[3] For his exemplary contributions, Government of India awarded him with esteemed Padma Bhushan in 1966.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Puliyur Krishnaswamy Duraiswami. Available from:[Last visited on 2017Dec08].  Back to cited text no. 1
In memoriam professor Puliyur Krishnaswami Duraiswami (1912-1974) and Dr.B. P. Bhatnagar(1917-1973). Indian J Orthop 1974;8:161-3.  Back to cited text no. 2
DuraiswamiPK, OrthM, TuliSM. 5000years of orthopaedics in India. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1971;75:269-80.  Back to cited text no. 3
Available from: [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 08].  Back to cited text no. 4

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhavuk Garg
Department of Orthopedics, AIIMS, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_709_17

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