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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-57

Benign aggressive lesions of femoral head and neck: Is salvage possible?

1 Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre; Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pathology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Sancheti Institute for Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yogesh Panchwagh
101, Vasant, Plot 29, Bharat Kunj Soc. No. 2, Erandwana, Pune - 411 038, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_209_17

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Background: Benign aggressive bone lesions of the femoral head and neck are mostly seen in young adults and warrant treatment for pain, impending fracture or established fracture, and disease clearance. It becomes challenging to treat them effectively while attempting salvage of the femoral head and yet achieving long term disease control with minimum complications. We describe our technique and experience in dealing with these lesions which can achieve the above-mentioned goals and can be easily replicated. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 15cases of surgically treated, biopsy-proven benign, locally aggressive lesions affecting the femoral head and neck in skeletally mature individuals. All cases were treated with extended curettage through anterolateral modified Smith–Petersen approach along with tricortical iliac crest bone graft(combined with fibular graft in some cases) reconstruction with or without suitable internal fixation. Results: All, except one, patients were available for follow up. The age ranged from 18 to 43years and the follow up ranged between 24 and 124months(average 78months). These included aneurysmal bone cysts(9), giant cell tumors(4), and fibrous dysplasia(2). The indication was pain(8), with impending(2) or established pathological neck femur fracture(5). In all cases, there was satisfactory healing of lesion and timely rehabilitation. Nonunion, avascular necrosis or local recurrences were not seen. The MSTS functional score was good or excellent in all(range 26–29, average 28). Conclusion: Benign aggressive lesions affecting femoral head and neck in young and middle-aged adults pose a treatment challenge. Asturdy, lasting reconstruct with acceptable functional outcome and minimal recurrence rate can be achieved by salvaging the femoral head and neck using curettage and reconstruction, obviating the need for replacement at such an early age.

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