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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 487-492

Comparison of outcomes of two femoral fixation devices in hamstring anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, HGU Santa Lucia, Cartagena. Doctoral Program in Health Sciences. Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM), Murcia, Spain
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, HGU José María Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Spain
3 Department of Rehabilitation, Hospital Comarcal de Hellín, Albacete, Spain
4 Department of Statistics, Foundation for Training and Health Research in the Region of Murcia, Murcia, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Miguel Angel Sanchez-Carrasco
Secretaría de Traumatología, HGU Santa Lucía, C/Mezquita, s/n, Paraje Los Arcos, 30202, Cartagena, Murcia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_13_16

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Background: Tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common ligamentous injury of the knee. Reconstruction of this ligament is often required to restore functional stability of the knee. Outcome of ACL reconstruction is significantly affected by how the graft is fixed to the bone. This study is to determine if there is a different clinical outcome after cortical versus cortical-cancellous suspension femoral fixation in hamstring based anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective comparative study conducted between 2006 and 2010. We enrolled patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. Sixty two patients met inclusion criteria and 41 agreed to come for followup assessment. Median age was of 28 years (range 18–39 years). Demographic baseline profile of both groups was similar. The femoral fixation devices were cortical (n = 16) and cortical-cancellous suspension techniques (n = 25). The average period of evolution at the time of assessment was 40 months (range 12-72 months). The patients were examined according to Lachman test (using Rolimeter knee tester), anterior drawer test, pivot shift test, International Knee Documentation Committee questionnaire, and Tegner-Lysholm knee scoring scale. Results: The objective evaluation of the patients (Lachman test) showed better results in terms of stability in the group of patients who underwent the cortical-cancellous suspension method. These differences were not reflected in the assessment of activity level (Tegner-Lysholm), where both groups showed the same results. Conclusions: ACL reconstruction with both cortical and cortical-cancellous suspension femoral fixation techniques show the same clinical results at medium long followup. However, cortical-cancellous fixations seem to provide greater stability to the reconstruction.

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