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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 368-376

Surgical approaches for total hip arthroplasty

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Zachary D Post
925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19106
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_317_16

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Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has become one of the most reliable and patient-requested surgical interventions in all medicine. The procedure can be performed using a variety of surgical approaches, but the posterior approach, direct lateral approach, and direct anterior approach are by far the most common across the globe. This article highlights the history and technique for each of these common approaches. A review of outcomes and complications for each approach are also provided. Each approach has its own unique advantages and disadvantages, but all can be safely and successful utilized for THA. Strong, convincing, high-quality studies comparing the different approaches are lacking at this time. Surgeons are therefore recommended to choose whichever approach they are most comfortable and experienced using. Though not described here, THA can also be done using the anterolateral approach (also known as the Watson Jones approach) as well as the two-incision approach. In addition, recently, some surgeons are utilizing the so-called direct superior approach for THA. While these approaches are far less commonly utilized, they are recognized as viable alternatives to traditional approaches.

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