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SYMPOSIUM - ICL - 2017
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 240-255

Orthopedic surgery in cerebral palsy: Instructional course lecture


Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, RECOUP Neuromusculoskeletal Rehabilitation Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Sharan
Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, RECOUP Neuromusculoskeletal Rehabilitation Centre, 312, Further Extension of Anjanapura Layout, 10th Block, Bengaluru - 560 108, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_197_16

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Orthopedic surgery (OS) plays an important role in the management of cerebral palsy (CP). The objectives of OS are to optimize functions and prevent deformity. Newer developments in OS for CP include emphasis on hip surveillance, minimally invasive procedures, use of external fixators instead of plates and screws, better understanding of lever arm dysfunctions (that can only be corrected by bony OS), orthopedic selective spasticity-control surgery, and single-event multilevel lever arm restoration and anti spasticity surgery, which have led to significant improvements in gross motor function and ambulation, especially in spastic quadriplegia, athetosis, and dystonia. The results of OS can be dramatic and life altering for the person with CP and their caregivers if it is performed meticulously by a specialized surgical team, at the appropriate age, for the correct indications, employing sound biomechanical principles and is followed by physician-led, protocol based, intensive, multidisciplinary, institutional rehabilitation, and long term followup. However, OS can be a double-edged sword, and if performed less than optimally, and without the supporting multidisciplinary medical and rehabilitation team, expertise and infrastructure, it often leads to significant functional worsening of the person with CP, including irretrievable loss of previous ambulatory capacity. OS must be integrated into the long term management of the person with CP and should be anticipated and planned at the optimal time and not viewed as a “last resort” intervention or failure of rehabilitation. This instructional course lecture reviews the relevant contemporary principles and techniques of OS in CP.


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