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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 345-351

Nonvascularized fibular grafting in nonunion of femoral neck fracture: A systematic review


1 Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, Fortis Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Sujit Kumar Tripathy
Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar - 751 019, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.185587

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Nonunion of femoral neck fractures following primary fixation and neglected femoral neck fracture in young adults is a challenging task. Every effort should be directed toward hip joint salvage in these patients. Among different available options of hip salvage, nonvascularized fibular graft (NVFG) osteosynthesis is simple, easy to perform, and a successful technique. In this review, the available literature on NVFG in neglected and nonunion femoral neck fractures has been analyzed. After review of 15 articles on NVFG, the average nonunion rate was estimated to be 7.86% (range 0-31%). Six articles that evaluated the preoperative and postoperative osteonecrosis reported improvement in 50% patients. The clinical and/or functional outcome was good to excellent in 56-96% patients following fibular osteosynthesis. Few complications such as coxa vara deformity, limb shortening, and intraarticular penetration of the graft or hardware have been reported. However, there are minimal donor site morbidities such as mild ankle pain, transient loss of toe flexors and extensors and transient lateral popliteal nerve palsy.


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