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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 630-636

Dynamic medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in recurrent patellar instability: A surgical technique

1 Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. PSIMS and RF, Chinoutpalli, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, ASHRAM, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Apolo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Radiodiagnosis, TIME Hospitals, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Kopuri Ravi Kiran
D. No 54-20/7-9A, Road No: 2, SKDGO Colony, Gurunanak Nagar, Vijayawada - - 520 008, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.168768

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The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is the primary stabilizer of the patellofemoral joint; its reconstruction has been recommended in adults over the past decade after recurrent patellar instability. However, there has been no standardized technique for reconstruction, therefore, ideal graft and technique for reconstruction are yet undetermined. However, dynamic MPFL reconstruction studies claim to be superior to other procedures as it is more anatomical. This preliminary study aims at assessing the outcomes of MPFL reconstruction in a dynamic pattern using hamstring graft. We performed this procedure in four consecutive patients with chronic patellar instability following trauma. MPFL reconstruction was done with hamstring tendons detached distally and secured to patellar periosteum after being passed through a bony tunnel in the patella without an implant and using the medial collateral ligament as a pulley. In all 4 knees, the MPFL reconstruction was isolated and was not associated with any other realignment procedures. No recurrent episodes of dislocation or subluxation were reported at 24 months followup.

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