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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 502-509

Proximal tibial fractures with impending compartment syndrome managed by fasciotomy and internal fixation A retrospective analysis of 15 cases

Department of Orthopaedics, NIMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Naveen Sharma
354, Vivek Vihar, New Sanganer Road, Sodala, Jaipur - 302 019, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: Nil, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.164044

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Background: Proximal tibia fractures with compartment syndrome present a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. More often than not these patients are subjected to multiple surgeries and are complicated by infection osteomyelitis and poor rehabilitation. There is no consensus in the management of these fractures. Most common mode is to do early fasciotomy with external fixation, followed by second stage definitive fixation. We performed a retrospective study of proximal tibia fractures with impending compartment syndrome treated by single stage fasciotomy and internal fixation. Results in terms of early fracture union, minimum complications and early patient mobilization were very good. Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients who were operated between July 2011 and June 2012 were selected for the study. All documents from their admission until the last followup in December 2013 were reviewed, data regarding complications collected and results were evaluated using Oxford Knee scoring system. Results: At the final outcome, there was anatomical or near anatomical alignment with no postoperative problems with range of motion of near complete flexion (>120) in all patients within 3 months. 13 patients started full weight bearing walking at 3 months. Delayed union in two patients and skin necrosis in one patient was observed. Conclusions: Since the results are encouraging and the rehabilitation time is much less when compared to conventional approaches, it is recommended using this protocol to perform early fasciotomy with the definitive internal fixation as single stage surgery to obtain excellent followup results and to reduce rehabilitation time, secondary trauma, expense of treatment and infection rate.

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