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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 178-183

Large blood vessel stretch in lumbar spine through anterior surgical approach: An experimental study in adult goat

1 Department of Orthopedics, Orthopedics Center of PLA, Chongqing, China
2 Department of Pathology, Southwest Hospital, Chongqing, China
3 Department of Surgically Applied Anatomy and Surgery, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
4 Department of Health Statistics, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China

Correspondence Address:
Qiang Zhou
Department of Orthopedics, Orthopedics Center of PLA, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038
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Source of Support: This study was supported by the Chongqing Key Technologies R and D Program (CSTC, 2010AB5118-4), Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.128762

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Background: Various anterior lumbar surgical approaches, including the minimally invasive approach, have greatly improved in recent years. Vascular complications resulting from ALIF are frequently reported. Little information is available about the safety of large blood vessel stretch. We evaluated the right side stretch limit (RSSL) of the abdominal aorta (AAA) and the inferior vena cava (IVC) without blood flow occlusion and investigated stretch-induced histological injury and thrombosis in the iliac and femoral arteries and veins and the stretched vessels. Materials and Methods: The RSSL of blood vessels in five adult goats was measured by counting the number of 0.5-cm-thick wood slabs that were inserted between the right lumbar edge and the stretch hook. Twenty seven adult goats were divided into three groups to investigate histological injury and thrombosis under a stretch to 0.5 cm (group I) 1.5 cm (group II) for 2 h, or no stretch (group III). Blood vessel samples from groups I and II were analyzed on postsurgical days 1, 3, and 7. Thrombogenesis was examined in the iliac and femoral arteries and veins. Results: The RSSL of large blood vessels in front of L4/5 was 1.5 cm from the right lumbar edge. All goats survived surgery without complications. No injury or thrombosis in the large blood vessels in front of the lumbar vertebrae and in the iliac or femoral arteries and veins was observed. Under light microscopy, group I showed slight swelling of endothelial cells in the AAA and no histological injury of the IVC. The AAA of group II showed endothelial cell damage, unclear organelles, and incomplete cell connections by electron microscopy. Conclusions: The AAA and IVC in a goat model can be stretched by ≤0.5 cm, with no thrombosis in the AAA, IVC, iliac or femoral arteries and veins.

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