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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49-52

Protruded and nonprotruded subungual exostosis: Differences in surgical approach

1 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Akyazi State Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Hakan Basar
Eski Kazimpasa cad. yolu Arabaci alani mah.Akkent villalari NO: 156/25 Serdivan/Sakarya
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Source of Support: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.125496

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Background: In subungual exostosis surgery, repair of the damaged nail bed and surgical excision of the mass without damaging the nail bed is important. The ideal method of surgery is still unclear. This study is done to qualify the effects of different surgical methods on outcome measures in different types of subungual exostosis. Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients, operated with a diagnosis of subungual exostosis between January 2008 and June 2012, were evaluated. Protruded masses were excised with a dorsal surgical approach after the removal of the nail bed and nonprotruded masses were excised through a"fish-mouth" type of incision. Results: The mean age of the patients in protruded subungual exostosis group was 17.3 years (range 13-22 years) and this group consisting of seven female and two male patients. The patients were followed up for a mean of 14.1 ± 4.8 months. The mean age of the patients in the nonprotruded subungual exostosis group was 14.6 years (range 13-16 years) and consisting of six female patients. The patients were followed up for a mean of 11.6 ± 2.9 months. The results were positively affected by changing the surgical approach depending on whether or not the exostosis is protruded from the nail bed. All patients had healthy toe nails in the postoperative period without any signs of recurrence. Conclusions: In patients with a protruded subungual exostosis, the mass should be removed by a dorsal approach with the removal of the nail and injury to the nail bed should be repaired. In patients with a nonprotruded subungual exostosis, the mass should be excised through a "fish-mouth" type incision at the toe tip without an iatrogenic damage.

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