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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-62

Mid term results of LCS knee: The Indian experience


1 Consultant Arthoplasty Surgeon, Lilavati Hospital, A 791, Bandra Reclamation, Bandra, Mumbai, India
2 Clinical Assistant, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai, India
3 Fellow in Arthroplasty, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai, India
4 Consultant Ophthalmologist, 51 B, Nook Apartment, North Avenue Junction, Santacruz, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh N Maniar
51/B Nook Apartment, S.V. Road (North Avenue Jn.), Santacruz, Mumbai - 400 054
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.106903

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Background: The low contact stress rotating platform (LCS RP) knee (DePuy Orthopedics, Inc, Warsaw, Indiana), in use for last four decades in Western population, is reported to have a survival of more than 95% at 15 to 20 years. The reported Indian experience of this knee is limited to 5 years. Our aim was to report the clinical and radiological results of the LCS RP TKA design in the Indian population with a minimum followup of 10 years. Materials and Methods: Fifty-five LCS knees (45 patients) operated between February 1997 and October 2001 were evaluated retrospectively. LCS design was generally selected if the patient was young (≤65 years of age), active and had no severe deformity. There were 40 female (88.9%) and 5 male (11.1%) patients; 47 knees had osteoarthritis (85.5%) and 8 knees had rheumatoid arthritis (14.5%). Knee Society Scores (KSS) and outcome questionnaire were filled at followup and radiographs were analyzed using Knee Society radiographic evaluation and scoring system. Results: Of 45 patients (55 knees) enrolled, 37 patients (44 knees; 80%) were available for followup at 10 years. Average age was 59.6 years (range 40 to 77). Minimum followup was 10 years (average 12.3 years; range 10 to 15.3 years.). Three knees (6.8%) had been revised, one each for aseptic loosening, bearing dislocation and infection. Mean preoperative KSS of 33 improved to 91 postoperatively. Mean preoperative functional score of 45 improved to 76 postoperatively. Mean preoperative flexion of 113° (90°-140°) reduced to 102° (80°-135°) postoperatively. Erratic femoral rollback and tighter flexion gap to prevent spin out are the probable factors for decreased postoperative range of motion. Five (12%) patients could sit cross-legged and sit on the floor. Anterior knee pain was present in 4.6% (2/44 knees). The survival was 93.2% at 12.3 years. One patient (1.8%) had spin-out of the rotating bearing. No knee had osteolysis or progressive radiolucent lines on X-rays. Conclusion: LCS implant has given good survival (93.2% at 12.3 years) with low rates of spin-out and anterior knee pain and no incidence of osteolysis. Limited flexion post surgery (104°) with only 12% managing to sit cross legged on the floor is a drawback.


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