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CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 576-580

Complex multilevel lumbar spine fractures with transverse sacral fracture


Department of Orthopaedics, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Acharya Dhonde Marg, Parel, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Kshitij Chaudhary
206 3A, Vaishali Nagar KK Marg, Sat Rasta, Mahalaxmi East, Mumbai - 400 011
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.87143

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We report an unusual and complex case of spinal trauma in a 17-year-old boy who presented with a transverse sacral fracture associated with multiple-level lumbar fractures, paraparesis, and bladder involvement. A two-stage surgery was performed. The lumbar spine fractures were treated with posterior instrumented correction of displacements, followed by anterior instrumentation and fusion. The sacral fracture was left untreated. At 5-year followup, the patient had complete neurological recovery except for the right L5 root function. The long-segment lumbar fusion and the untreated displaced sacral fracture contributed to spinal imbalance, due to which the patient is now able to stand only in a crouched posture. Determining the optimal treatment for the case is presented due to the relative rarity of transverse sacral fracture and paucity of evidence-based treatment approaches. In patients with associated lumbar spine fractures that require extension of instrumentation to the upper lumbar spine, it is critical to restore sacropelvic alignment to achieve spinal balance. Adequate reduction of sacropelvic anatomy can be achieved with iliac screw fixation.


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