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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 541-547

Salvage of infected total knee arthroplasty with Ilizarov external fixator


Department of Orthopedics, Sunshine Hospitals, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Aditya Krishna Mootha
403, Manjeera Homes, Street No.6, West Maredpalli, Secunderabad 500 026, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.87127

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Background: Knee arthrodesis may be the only option of treatment in cases of chronic infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with concomitant irreparable extensor mechanism disruption, extensive bone loss or severe systemic morbidities. Circular external fixation offers possible progressive adjustment to stimulate the bony fusion and to make corrections in alignment. We evaluated the results of knee arthrodesis with one or two stage circular external fixator for infected TKA. Materials and Methods: 16 cases of femoro-tibial fusion were retrospectively evaluated. Male-to-female ratio was 10:6. Mean age of the patients was 62.2 years. Cierney-Mader classification was used for anatomical and physiological evaluation while the bone stock deficiency was classified into mild, moderate and severe. Surgical technique involved either single or two stage arthrodesis using circular external fixator. Results: Union was achieved in 15 patients (93.75%). The mean duration for union (frame application time) in these patients was 28.33 weeks (range 22 to 36 weeks). Analysis showed that in the group with frame application time of less than 28 weeks, the incidence of mild to moderate bone deficiency was 83.33%, while in the frame application time more than 28 weeks group the incidence was 20% (P-value 0.034). Similarly the incidence of Cierney-Mader 4B (Bl, Bs, Bls) was found to be 33.33% in the group of frame application time of less than 28 weeks, while it was 90% in the group with frame application time more than 28 weeks (P-value 0.035). Conclusion: Circular external fixator is a safe and reliable method to achieve knee arthrodesis in cases of deep infection following TKA. Severe bone stock deficiency and Cierney- Mader type B host are likely risk factors for prolonged frame application time. We recommend a two-stage procedure especially when there is compromised host or severe bone loss.


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