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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 438-443

Dislocation following total knee arthroplasty: A report of six cases

1 Department of Orthopedics, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Orthopedics, Hospital Virgen del Mar, Almería, Spain
3 Department of Orthopedics, Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
4 Department of Orthopedics, Hospital Fundación Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
5 Department of Orthopedics, Hospital Infanta Elena, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Manuel Villanueva
Orthopedic Department, HGU Gregorio Marañón, C/ Dr Esquerdo no. 46, 28007, Madrid
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.69318

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Background: Dislocation following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the worst form of instability. The incidence is from 0.15 to 0.5%. We report six cases of TKA dislocation and analyze the patterns of dislocation and the factors related to each of them. Materials and Methods: Six patients with dislocation of knee following TKA are reported. The causes for the dislocations were an imbalance of the flexion gap (n=4), an inadequate selection of implants (n=1), malrotation of components (n=1) leading to incompetence of the extensor mechanism, or rupture of the medial collateral ligament (MCC). The patients presented complained of pain, giving way episodes, joint effusion and difficulty in climbing stairs. Five patients suffered posterior dislocation while one anterior dislocation. An urgent closed reduction of dislocation was performed under general anaesthesia in all patients. All patients were operated for residual instability by revision arthroplasty after a period of conservative treatment. Results: One patient had deep infection and knee was arthrodesed. Two patients have a minimal residual lag for active extension, including a patient with a previous patellectomy. Result was considered excellent or good in four cases and fair in one, without residual instability. Five out of six patients in our series had a cruciate retaining (CR) TKA designs: four were revised to a posterior stabilized (PS) TKA and one to a rotating hinge design because of the presence of a ruptured MCL. Conclusion: Further episodes of dislocation or instability will be prevented by identifying and treating major causes of instability. The increase in the level of constraint and correction of previous technical mistakes is mandatory.

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