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SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 127-131

The science of electrical stimulation therapy for fracture healing


Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Emil H Schemitsch
800 - 55 Queen St. East, Toronto, Ontario, M5C 1R6.
Canada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.50846

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This article is a brief review of the basic science research conducted in the field of electrical stimulation for fracture healing. Direct electrical current, capacitive coupling, and inductive coupling have been studied as potential techniques to enhance fracture healing through the proliferation and differentiation of osteogenic cells. These techniques are particularly appealing as they offer a potential minimally invasive solution to the difficult clinical problem of delayed fracture healing and nonunion. Basic science studies have shown conclusively that electrical stimulation techniques lead to bone cell proliferation and have attempted to elucidate the intracellular processes by which this bone cell proliferation occurs. Further basic science and clinical research is required to enhance the effectiveness of this therapy for the treatment of fracture nonunions.


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