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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 173-176

The role of Esmarch bandage and percutaneous cannulated cancellous screws in tibial condylar fracture

Sancheti Institute of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Parag Sancheti
Sancheti Institute of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, 16, Shivajinagar, Pune-411005. Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.34486

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Background : Proximal tibial fractures involving the condyles are often a matter of debate with regards to surgical management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using closed reduction with an eschmarch bandage, gentle hammering, and use of percutaneous cannulated cancellous screws for fixation and buttressing the fracture, as a treatment modality for specific tibial condyle fractures. Methods : We evaluated 90 closed upper end tibia fractures, Schatzker types I, III, and IV, treated with closed reduction using an esmarch bandage and minimally invasive percutaneus fixation with cannulated cancellous screws. Results : We achieved excellent results in 33.3% of the cases, good result in 50%, a fair result in 13.3 %, and a poor result in 3.3 % cases. Conclusion : This minimally invasive modality of treatment of upper end tibia fractures gives satisfactory results. The use of esmarch bandage and gentle hammering to help achieve acceptable reduction has the advantage of being relatively simple and easily reproducible, without the use of any expensive extra medical equipment. The percutaneous fixation with cancellous screws has minimal morbidity. Thus, this is a good modality of treatment of tibial condlyle fractures of Schatzker types I, III and IV.

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