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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 260-264

Formalin preserved allogenic bone graft: Does it work

Department of Orthopaedics, Sant Parmanand Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
S Sinha
Department of Orthopaedics, Sant Parmanand Hospital, 18 - Shamnath Marg, Civil Lines, Delhi - 110054
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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The increased need of allogenic bone graft has led to various methods of graft preservation. Freeze dried allograft is most preferred currently. The allograft preservation technique should be simple and cost effective to be widely used. This study comprises 32 cases of formalin preserved allogenic bone transplantation, with an average age of 39.6 years and follow-up ranging from 4 months to 32 months. They were used in comminuted fractures, pathological fractures, non­unions, corrective open wedge osteotomies, benign cystic lesion of bones and revision total hip arthroplasty. In follow-up we looked for infection, graft rejection and radiological union. Union and graft incorporation could be established in thirty-one cases. One case was lost to follow-up. One case developed mild sepsis that was controlled with debridement and antibiotics. There was no case of adverse reaction to formalin or graft rejection. We conclude that the technique of preservation of allogenic bone in formalin is simple. It can be a cost effective alternative to freeze dried allograft.

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