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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 243-245

Scoliosis: An epidemiological study of school children in lower Assam

Department of Orthopaedics, Guwahati Medical College & Hospital, Guwahati, India

Correspondence Address:
K C Saikia
Department of Orthopaedics, Guwahati Medical College & Hospital, Guwahati - 781 032
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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A prospective study was carried out to determine incidence rates and distributions of various parameters associated with scoliosis amongst school children of lower Assam, India. A total of 16,912 children (9,274 girls and 7,638 boys) between five to 16 years were screened using the Adams forward bending test. The average age of children with positive findings at the time of examination was 10.6 years and the highest number of cases was observed in the age group of 11-13 years. The results showed that the incidence rate of scoliosis in this study was 0.2 percent with a female to male radio of 2.2: 1. Idiopathic variety was the most common aetiological curve type and the most common curve location was thoracic. In approximately 72 percent of cases the patients / parents were unaware of their deformity.

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