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Primary neoplasms derived from the melanocytes of leptomeninges are very uncommon & most cases reported are malignant. Pappenheim & Bhattarcharji (1962) lissted 45 cases from American & European literature. Balasubramanium & Ramamurthi (1964), Deshpande et al (1970) reported meningeal melanomas associated with cautaneous naevi. Most of these case reports (Haffman 1967) showed direct co-relationship between melanoma of leptomeninges and giant cutaneous pigmented naevus and also were confined to melanomas involving brain. This is a case report of primary melanoma causing compressive rnyelopathy in a 40 yrs. old individual with no evidence of any giant cutaneous naevus and the related literature is discussed.