Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The results of application of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field (PEMF) therapy on 48 osteo-arthritis (OA) patients are described in the paper. The patients underwent various treatment-modalities prior to this therapy without any steady improvement in their symptomatologies of pain, tenderness, joint functional disability and joint spasm plus stiffness (with deformity). Patients show considerable improvement at the end of the therapy with minimum deterioration at five-year follow-up. Differential progress characteristics of improvements in relation to big and small joints are also presented. These are analysed in the light of OA-pathology, to focus on the possible effects of PEMF on the physiological processes.