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Year : 1980  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 184-191

Evaluation Of a Modified Tropometer For Measuring Tibial Torsion And Its Significance In Congenital Club Foot



Correspondence Address:
R. L Mittal


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The term “tibial torsion” is defined as the twist of the lower part of the tibia in relation to its upper part around a longitudinal axis. The twist may be in the lateral direction (lateral tibial torsion) or in the medial direction (medial tibial torsion). The importance of tibial torsion lies in the fact that moderate degrees of tibial torsion (either side) affect the gait and weight bearing mechanism and ultimately lead to early degenerative arthritis of the knee and hip joints. So accurate measurement of tibial torsion is essential. Different methods of measuring tibial torsion have been described in the literature over the past many years ranging from the rough clinical method, to the modern sophisticated tropometric methods. Conflicting views have been expressed regarding angle of tibial present at birth and its increase with age. There is also dispute regarding increase or decrease in tibial torsion in congenital club feet. We have tried to make a modified tropometer and measure the tibial torsion in normal legs and in congenital club feet.


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