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Year : 1980  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 170-174

Carrying Angle In Indian Boys And Girls



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J Rai


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The carrying angle is defined as the acute angle made by the median axis of the upper arm with that of the fully extended and supinated forearm, and thus it measures the lateral obliquity of the forearm. This angle is generally said to be greater in females than in males and the difference has been considered to be a secondary sex characteristic (Potter 1895, Atkinson and Elftman 1945, Aebi 1947, Keats et al. 1966, Baughmann et al. 1974). However, some workers found no significant difference in carrying angles of males and females of any age group (Steel and Tomlinson 1958, Smith 1960, Beals 1976). It is possible that variations in the methods of measurement and the populations studied have produced conflicting data. Most studies have focused to the effect of age. The present study is aimed at reporting age and sex specific normative data on developmental variability of the carrying angle.


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