Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Ankylosis of the elbow joint, whether unilateral or bilateral, gives rise to considerable loss of function of the upper limb particularly so if accompanied by pain. The condition appears to be a fairly common problem in the Indian subcontinent. Its causes include closed or open fractures around elbow, pyogenic arthritis, tuberculous arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and heterotropic ossification around the elbow. The conventional surgical treatments by arthrolysis or non-prosthetic arthroplasty of the elbow joint are well known. The results of these procedures seem to be unpredictable and though fair or good range of movements are attained in some cases the joint is often unstable. Encouraged by the report of successful results achieved with endoprosthesis of other joints, sporadic reports of hemi-or total elbow prosthesis with their clinical trial either on a single or on only a few cases have been reported in the world literature. In this paper report of 30 total elbow arthroplasties in 29 patients is being presented. The total elbow prosthesis used in this study was designed by the author.